MaaMa AfriKa

_________________________________       MAAMA  AFRiKA   _____________________________

Africa is seated on 30,221,532 sq km / 11,668,598.7 miles harboring 53 widely recognized states.Sudan being the largest seated on 2,505,813 sq km / 967,500 sq miles and the smallest Seychelles on 451 sq km / 174 sq miles. 

Its endowed with a lot of beautiful geographical sites – from the Drakensburg in the south to the atlas in the north.Ranging from the highest mountain Kilimanjaro in Tanzania 5,892 meters / 19340 ft,the longest river Nile stretching 6,650 km /4,135 miles in Egypt- Sudan- Uganda- Ethiopia, the largest lake and source of the Nile stretching 69,485 sq km /26,828 miles and shared by the east African states Uganda- Kenya- Tanzania, most forested state – Seychelles(87%) and deforested  -Comoros(63.3%), a globally recognized large Sahara desert distending 3,500,000 km, the 223 pyramids in Sudan and the 6 countries  lying on the equator. 

With its total population is 1,033,042,510 - 14.95 % of the world population and growing at  3.2%, the number of people per sq km is 169.6. East Africa takes the most populated region with 327,186,148 -  4.74 of world population and most populated city of Lagos (Nigeria) – 158,258,917 - 2.29% of world population.

The Rural population is 28,979,200.2 which 86.7% of Africa’s entire population. Rural areas in Africa  are distanced from all resources which makes the life hard for the inhabitants.
The life expectancy in Africa is 52 years and the largest HIV Population 5,700,000 (UNAIDS). 

Somalia having the highest level of female Gender mutilation - 97.9% among-st 15- 49 year old females (UNIFEM). Infant mortality rate of Africa (per 1,000 live births)- 76.4. The least peaceful & most corrupt country being Somalia and most peaceful & less corrupt being Botswana.
Focus on Uganda.
Who are Uganda's rural poor people?
Uganda’s poorest people include hundreds of thousands of subsistence farmers living in remote, scattered areas throughout the country. Remoteness Makes People -"Poor" inasmuch as it prevents them from benefiting from the country’s steady economic growth and dynamic modernization.  In these remote rural areas, smallholder farmers do not have access to the vehicles and roads they need to transport their produce to markets, and market linkages are weak or non-existent. Farmers lack inputs and technology to help them increase their production and reduce pests and disease. And they lack access to financial services that would enable them to boost their incomes both by improving and expanding their production and by establishing small enterprises.
Where are Uganda's rural poor people?
The poorest regions are the north and north-east of the country, where outbreaks of civil strife have disrupted small farmers’ lives and agricultural production. These are fragile, dry and sub-humid regions where the extreme variability of rainfall and soil fertility means that farming presents a challenge. Production falls short of minimum household needs, rendering the inhabitants particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. Nationwide, about 5 per cent of all rural households continue to be affected by food insecurity.
Why are Uganda's rural people poor?
Health and social issues make a significant contribution to rural poverty in Uganda. The population of about 30 million is growing at a rate of 3.2 per cent/annum, doubling every 20 years. Although the country has been able to dramatically reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS among the population, the pandemic has caused the death of large numbers of young adults and orphaned approximately 1 million children. The lack of health care and other social services puts rural women at a particular disadvantage. They work far longer hours than men, have limited access to resources and control over what they produce, and, among their many other tasks, they bear the double burden of ensuring their households are fed adequately and caring for the sick and elderly and for orphaned children.
One out of every seven dies before the age of five due to insufficient health care - 90% of all children in Uganda grow up in poverty with one in every five suffering from chronic hunger - 20% of the children are underweight - 50,000 children in need of the HIV/AIDS treatment and only 13,000 children receiving this intervention. While of the 200 antiretroviral treatment sites approved by the Ministry Of Health only  30 provide paediatric services
96% boys & 98% girls enroll for school but their survival rate past the primary grade is 32% and past secondary grade not exceeding 22%. In the rural areas there are high levels of Early Child Marriages, child pregnancies, and high levels of children contracting HIV/AIDS.Child neglect remains the highest form of child abuse - 9293 cases reported in 2010 with causes stemming from failure of parents to meet nutritional, health,educational needs therefore more than one in three children is caught up in child labor.
courtesy:Millennium Development Report For Uganda (2010)-UNDP-Report (2010)-ANPPCAN-GLOBAL PEACE INDEX.
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